Louisiana at a glance

Snapshot

Geography:Louisiana is located in the southern part of the United States, where the Mississippi river flows into the Golf of Mexico. Louisiana is a major transshipment point between North America, South America, and Central America. From Louisiana, 25 million Americans are within overnight ground delivery.

Capital: Baton Rouge

Area: 51,843 sq.mi.(135,382 km2)

Climate: Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate, with annual rainfall of about 51.2 in. The average temperatures during winter are between 40-65 °F and during summer between 70-90 F.

Population (2011 estimation): 4,574,836 habitants. The age distribution is as follows: 21% of the population is younger than 15 years old, 15% are between the ages of 15 and 24, 52% are between the ages of 25 and 64, and 12% are 65 years old or older.

Main natural resources:

·      Crude Oil: 2% proved reserves of the Unites States

·      Natural Gas: 8% total reserves of the United States

·      Other minerals: salt, sulfur, limestone, sandstone, lignite

·      Woods: about 14,579,217 acres of forests

·      Fishing: 26% of tonnage in United States

A long time ago, before the United States existed, the region that we call Louisiana, was participating in international trade. At that time, Louisiana was in fact the region of the great Mississippi Valley: which was an area considerably larger than the State of Louisiana today, the area included about a third of the United States, and reached the borders of current Canada. The region was first discovered in 1541 by a Spanish expedition; thereafter, a French explorer, born in Rouen, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, took possession on behalf of King Louis XIV and named it "Louisiana" in his honor. The area is easily accessible from the Gulf of Mexico; and trading posts were set up where you could load the rich resources of the vast territory onto the ships. One of these trading posts, established in 1723, was named in honor of the Duke of Orleans: this is New Orleans.

Before the United States bought Louisiana from Napoleon in 1803, the flags of Spain, France, and England have all been flown in the region. Each country that has occupied the area has left a cultural legacy that has withstood the onslaught of centuries. Names such as LeMoyne, Gonzales, Lafayette, Broussard, Sorrento, Jackson, Jennings, Iberia and Whitehall continue to identify families, cities, and street names in Louisiana. The French language, as spoken in France since the 17th century, continues to be spoken in many parts of the state.

Today, one can detect the rich international heritage of Louisiana in the architecture of its buildings, in its cuisine, in its music and many other forms of artistic expression.

The many influences of the past have become highly popular traditions, which are reflected in the lifestyle of Louisiana and their sympathy for foreigners all over the world, which are always assured of a warm welcome in Louisiana.

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